Prostate enlargement is a very common condition in men over the age of 40. The prostate gland is wrapped around the urethra and as it grows larger, it starts to press upon it. In the beginning with increasing pressure, the bladder muscles become thicker in order to exert more force and evacuate urine from the urethra. As a result the bladder becomes sensitive and there is an increased urge to urinate frequently
As the prostate continues to enlarge, the bladder is unable to force urine out completely. As a result, urine starts to accumulate which can cause infections in the urinary tract and also cause damage to the bladder and kidneys. An emergency medical condition of not being able to urinate at all may also present (acute urinary retention).
Some symptoms of an enlarged prostate are: