In type 1 diabetes which mostly afflicts children, the body does not manufacture sufficient insulin.
In type 2 diabetes or Non-insulin dependent diabetes, there is enough insulin production - however it cannot be absorbed by cells causing the sugar to build up in the blood.
This sugar combines with oxygen to form unstable free radicals that eventually lead to various complications. Type 2 diabetes can be controlled with the right diet and lifestyle.
A diet that is beneficial for diabetics needs to control high blood sugar, low blood sugar, hunger and also be heart-healthy. A natural food diet that includes high-fiber and low sugar is most beneficial. The aim is to avoid sugars and simple carbohydrates as these get processed quickly and add to blood sugar.
A healthy diabetic diet will consist of most calories (40-60%) coming from carbohydrates, 20% from protein, and 20-30% from fat