Sperm Count: Of the millions of sperm ejaculated, only about 200 manage to reach the egg (ovum) in the woman's fallopian tube and only one actually impregnates the egg. Low sperm count also known as oligospermia occurs when sperm count is less than 20 million sperm per milliliter of semen. Other than sperm count, sperm quality and motility are equally important in male fertility.
Sperm Quality: In order for conception to occur, at least 60% of the sperm should be of a normal morphology (shape and structure). Normal sperm have an oval head and a long tail. Sperm with misshapen heads or curled tails or double tails have a lower chance of fertilizing the egg.
Sperm Motility: The sperm's tail propels it forward. Sperm should have the ability to move and swim in order to reach the egg. The chances of fertilization are greater if at least 50% of the sperm have motility (forward movement).
Causes of Low Sperm Count and Quality
Stress: Emotional stress and other psychological issues can lead to low sperm count
Heat exposure: Hot baths, saunas, high work temperatures, tight clothing, even using laptops, fever - all cause testicular overheating which leads to lower sperm count and quality.
Cycling: Exercises such as bicycling can raise scrotal temperature and also cause genital numbness
Alcohol abuse: Alcohol lowers fertility
Smoking : Smoking or chewing tobacco can cause abnormal sperm morphology. It can also damage the sperm's DNA and cause fetal defects.
Lubricants:Use of lubricants during intercourse can affect sperm motility.
Recreational drugsMarijuana, cocaine and opium can adversely affect sperm count and quality in addition to causing erectile dysfunction
Ways to increase sperm count and quality
Avoid prolonged use of laptops, hot baths, tight fitting underpants, bicycling and any activity that can raise scrotal temperatures.
Avoid alcohol, tobacco and drug abuse.
Avoid using toxic chemicals including household cleaning products or use protective clothing, proper ventilation and face masks.
Reduce stress by meditation and relaxation.
Maintain normal healthy body weight.
Try herbal supplements and vitamins
Herbal Ayurvedic Remedy for infertility, low sperm count and quality
Speman is a completely herbal ayurvedic formulation proven to promote spermatogenesis by improving the testicular, seminal vesicle and epididymal functions. Speman improves the sperm count and the quality of semen by increasing the LH-FSH producing basophil cells in the pituitary
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